All disk drives connected to the Serial Bus of a Commodore 64 speak the Commodore DOS protocol, from the popular 1541 5.25″ drive to the modern sd2iec SD card interfaces. CMDR-DOS is a new and open source implementation of the Commodore DOS protocol, using SD cards with the FAT32 filesystem and supporting advances features like partitions, subdirectories and timestamps – and running on a 65c02!
We are presenting the (to our knowledge) first full-featured open source library for 65c02 CPUs for accessing FAT32 formatted disks.
The system software of the Commodore 64 has been extensively reverse-engineered. Next to disassemblies of the ROM, several “memory maps” have been published: tables that document system variables in the first kilobyte of RAM, and how to tweak the system software with
POKE. Now, I’m presenting the Ultimate C64 Memory Map: A C64 memory reference that shows eight sources side-by-side.
The monitor built into the Final Cartridge III is one of the best ones for the C64. Some of its unique features are:
In the series about the variants of the Commodore Peripheral Bus family, this article covers the lowest two layers (electrical and byte transfer) of the “Standard Serial” bus as found on the VIC-20/C64 as the main bus, but also supported by all other Commodore home computers.
My side-by-side C64 ROM disassembly/commentary page has been completely redone!
You might think the DOS ROM of the Commodore 1541 disk drive has been analyzed to death. But here are two new resources:
In my quest to make the C16 more usable, i.e. more like the environment I’m used to, i.e. a C64 with a Final Cartridge III, I’ve ported the Final Cartridge III monitor to the TED series (C16, C116, Plus/4).
Over the years, the ROM source code of many Commodore computers and peripherals has appeared. I have been collecting them in a git repository here:
The well-known Serial Bus (aka Serial “IEC” Bus) of the Commodore 64 that connects to disk drives such as the 1541 is just one variant of a whole family of busses and protocols used by the line of 8 bit Commodore machines from the PET to the C65. This is the first article of a multi-part series on the Commodore Peripheral Bus family.
For decades, PC users have been able to relax by watching the computer defragment a disk. Now C64 users can do the same! Introducing “defrag1541”, a disk defragmentation tool for C64 and 1541.
The Commodore Datasette recording format is heavily optimized for data safety and can compensate for many typical issues of cassette tape, like incorrect speed, inconsistent speed (wow/flutter), and small as well as longer dropouts. This makes the format more complex and way less efficient than, for example, “Turbo Tape” or all other custom formats used by commercial games. Let’s explore the format by writing a minimal tape loader for the C64, optimized for size, which can decode correct tapes, but does not support error correction.